Warshaw EM, Buchholz HJ, Belsito DV, Maibach HI, Fowler JF Jr, Rietschel RL, Zug KA, Mathias CG, Pratt MD, Sasseville D, Storrs FJ, Taylor JS, Deleo VA, Marks JG Jr.
J Am Acad Dermatol. 2009 Jan;60(1):23-38. Epub 2008 Nov 6.
BACKGROUND: Allergy to cosmetics is common.
OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize patients with positive patch test reactions associated with a cosmetic source, to identify common allergens; and to explore gender and occupational associations.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis.
RESULTS: Of 6621 female and 3440 male patients, 1582 female (23.8%) and 611 of male (17.8%) patients had at least one allergic patch test reaction associated with a cosmetic source. Of “allergic” patients (>1 allergic reaction, n = 6815), females were 1.21 times more likely to have an allergic reaction associated with a cosmetic source than were male patients (p < .0001, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-1.31). Within the “cosmetic allergic” group (n = 2243), head and neck involvement was significantly higher in female than in male patients (49.3% vs 23.7%, p < .0001). One hundred twenty-five patients had occupationally related allergic reactions associated with a cosmetic.
LIMITATIONS: This study is limited by its cross-sectional, retrospective design.
CONCLUSION: Of all patients studied, 21.8% had an allergic reaction associated with a cosmetic. Site of dermatitis, cosmetic categories, and specific allergens differed somewhat by gender.